SUBPARTS

 

SUBPART 1: GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

No#

Regulation

Yes

No

Person responsible

Comment

101.01.1 Applicability

 

1.     

Is it ensured that this Part applies to the following:

 

a)    class 1 and 2 of remotely piloted aircraft, (see Table 1: RPAS Classification) unless otherwise approved by the Director;

and:

b)    persons acting as owners, operators, observers, pilots (see 101.01.1 definitions) and in the performance of maintenance of RPA.

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Which purpose is RPAS operated for:

 

a)    commercial operations;

b)    corporate operations;

c)    non-profit operations;

d)    private operations.

 

 

 

 

 

3.     

Is it known and understood that the following aircrafts are not applicable:

 

a)    autonomous unmanned aircraft, unmanned free balloons and their operations or other types of aircraft which cannot be managed on a real-time basis during flight;

b)    an aircraft operated in terms of Part 94 of SACAR( Part 94: Operation of non-type certificated aircraft); and

c)    a model aircraft: and

d)    toy aircraft

 

 

 

 

 

101.01.2 Private operations

 

1.     

Subject to sub-regulation (2) above (Applicability), is it known and understood that the provisions of the following Subparts of this Regulation do not apply to private operation of RPAS:

 

·      2 – Approval & Registration,

·      3 – Personnel Licensing,

·      4- RPAS Operator Certificate,

·      6- Maintenance.

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Is the following directive complied with:

Notwithstanding sub regulation 1,the provisions of regulations 101.05.5(2); 101.05.8(1) (b), (c) and (d); 101.05.9(1) (a) and (b) do not apply to private operating of RPAS.

 

 

 

 

 

3.     

Are Private operations of RPAS only in R-VLOS with a Class 1A or 1B RPA? (see Table 1: RPAS Classification)

 

 

 

 

 

101.01.3 Grouping and classification

1.     

Is it ensured that RPAS is grouped in accordance with the classifications as prescribed in Document SA-CATS 101? (see Table 1: RPAS Classification)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

101.01.04 Directives

 

1.     

Is it known and understood that The Director may, from time to time, issue directives which are necessary for safe and secure operation of RPAS?

 

 

 

 

 

101.01.5 RPA sales or re-sales labelling

 

1.     

Is the following directive complied with:

No RPA shall be sold within the Republic unless the seller has, by way of a packaging label,

Or:

In the case of the resale thereof,

by way of written notification, notified the buyer of the requirements as imposed by the Civil Aviation Authority as prescribed in Document SA-CATS 101.’

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUBPART 2: APPROVAL AND REGISTRATION

No#

Regulation

Yes

No

Person responsible

Comment

101.02.1 RPA letter of approval

 

1.

Is the following prohibition complied with:

No RPA shall be operated within the Republic, unless such RPA has been issued with an RLA (Remotely Piloted Aircraft Letter of Approval) by the Director.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Is the following instruction complied with:

An application for the issuing or renewal of an RLA shall be made to the Director on the appropriate form and accompanied by the appropriate fee as prescribed in Part 187 (CAR Fees and Charges)

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Is it known and understood that The Director shall issue an RLA based on the following condition:

 

·      The applicant complies with the requirements prescribed in regulation 101.02.2 (above)

 

 

 

 

 

4.

Is the following validity adhered to:

 

·      An RLA shall be valid for a period of 12 months.

 

 

 

 

 

101.02.2 RPAS System Safety

 

1.     

Is the following directive complied with:

In order for the issue of an RLA, the Applicant shall provide the Director with the following:

 

a)    documentation regarding the standard to which the RPA (Remotely Piloted Aircraft) was designed;

or:

b)    equivalent documentation that demonstrates a level of safety acceptable to the Director;

or:

c)    documentation demonstrating system safety as prescribed in Document SA-CATS 101.

 

 

 

 

101.02.3 Altimeter

 

1.     

Is the following directive adhered to:

Except as provided in sub-regulation (2 Approval and Registration), an RPA shall be equipped with an altimetry system that is capable of displaying to the operator on the RPS (Remote Pilot Station), the height of the RPA above ground level.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Is the instruction that an RPA that is not equipped with an altimetry system required by sub-regulation (1) shall be operated under R-VLOS(Restricted Visual Line of Sight) only?

 

 

 

 

 

101.02.4 Registration and marking

 

1.

Is the following prohibition adhered to:

No RPA shall be operated, unless such RPA holds a valid certificate of registration issued by the Director.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Is the directive that an RPA registered on the South African Civil Aircraft Register must have South African nationality, adhered to?

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Is the instruction that an application for a certificate of registration must conform to the following requirements:

 

a)    made on the prescribed form;

b)    accompanied by the fee prescribed in Part 187 ((CAR Fees and Charges)

 

 

 

 

4.

Are the following terms and conditions complied with:

 

·      The Director shall register an RPA, issue a certificate of registration and a registration mark if the applicant complies with the requirements of this regulation.

·      The Director shall maintain a register of all RPAs registered in terms of this Regulation.

 

 

 

 

 

5.

Is the following directive complied with:

 

·      The nationality mark format, size and location designated for use on RPAs shall be as prescribed in Document SA-CATS 101.

 

 

 

 

 

6.

Is the following instruction adhered to:

 

·      If the holder of a certificate of registration transfers to another person ownership of the RPA, such holder shall, within 30 days, notify the Director of such transfer on the appropriate form.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUBPART 3: PERSONNEL LICENSING

 

No#

Regulation

Yes

No

Person responsible

Comment

101.03.1 General

 

1.

Is the following prohibition adhered to:

No person shall act as pilot of an RPA, except when undergoing a skill test or receiving flight instruction, unless he or she is in possession of a valid Remote Pilot Licence (RPL) in the relevant category.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Is it known and understood that A Remote Pilot Licence may be issued for the following categories:

 

a)    RPL (A): Aeroplane Remote Pilot Licence;

b)    RPL (H): Helicopter Remote Pilot Licence;

c)    RPL (MR): Multirotor Remote Pilot Licence.

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Is it known and understood that the following ratings may be endorsed on the licence:

 

a)    VLOS: visual line of sight operations;

b)    E-VLOS: extended visual line of sight operations;

c)    B-VLOS: beyond visual line of sight operations;

 

 

 

 

 

101.03.2 Requirements for the issue of an RPL

 

1.     

Is the following directive complied with in respect of an applicant for an RPL:

 

a)    not be less than 18 years of age;

b)    (i) hold at least a valid Class 4 medical certificate for B-VLOS operations or operations involving RPAS classified as class 3 or higher;

(ii) for all other classes or types of operation, submit a self-declared medical assessment report for operations involving RPAS classified as class 2 or lower: provided that an applicant who cannot meet the requirements of the medical assessment shall submit a Class 4 medical certificate. The report shall contain the information as prescribed in Document SA-CATS-101;

c)    hold a restricted Certificate of Proficiency in Radiotelephony (Aeronautical);

d)    provide proof of the ability to speak the English language at proficiency level 4 or higher, as prescribed in Part 61 (CAR Pilot Licensing);

e)    where required, have completed the flight training referred to in this Subpart;

f)     have passed the theoretical knowledge examination referred to in this Subpart; and

g)    have passed the skill test referred to in this Subpart.

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Is the following instruction complied with:

·      An application for an RPL must be made to the Director on the appropriate form within 30 days of completing the practical skill test.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

101.03.3 Theoretical knowledge examination

 

1.     

Is the directive that the theoretical knowledge examination applicable to the category of licence sought, must be passed within 90 days preceding the skill test?

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Is it known and understood that the theoretical knowledge examination shall be conducted at an SACAA accredited test centre, except as provided for in sub-regulation (4)?

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Is it known and adhered to that the syllabi as well as other requirements for the examination shall be as prescribed in Document SA-CATS 101?

 

 

 

 

 

4.

Is the following approval complied with:

 

·      Approval shall be obtained from the Director before any foreign theoretical training or theoretical knowledge examination is undertaken if such training or knowledge is to be accredited towards a South African RPL.

 

 

 

 

 

101.03.4 Flight training

 

1.     

Is it known and understood that the flight training syllabi for the different categories of licence shall be as prescribed in Document SA CATS 101?

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Is the following directive complied with:

 

·      The organisation conducting the training shall issue a certificate stating that flight training has been successfully completed.

 

 

 

 

 

3.     

Is the directive that all flight training shall be conducted with an aircraft of the same category for which the licence is sought, complied with?

 

 

 

 

 

4.     

Is the following approval complied with:

 

·      Approval shall be obtained from the Director before any foreign flight training is undertaken if such training is to be accredited towards a South African RPL.

 

 

 

 

 

101.03.5 Skill test

 

1.     

Are the following directives in respect of Skill Tests adhered to:

 

·      The skill test for an RPL shall be conducted within 60 days of completing the flight training by an examiner accredited by the SACAA.

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

·      The skill test shall be conducted with an aircraft of the same category for which the licence is sought.

 

 

 

 

 

3.     

Is the following directive adhered to:

 

·      The holder of the RPL shall submit the skill test form to the SACAA within 30 days of the skill test.

 

 

 

 

4.     

Is it ensured that the following applies:

 

·      The skill test shall include the applicable sections for the E-VLOS and B-VLOS ratings if one or more of these ratings is sought.

 

 

 

 

 

101.03.6 Revalidation check

 

1.     

Is it known and complied with than an RPL is valid to the last day of the 24th month from the date of issue?

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Are the following directives adhered to:

 

·      A revalidation check shall be conducted by an examiner accredited by the SACAA (Director) in the 90-day period before the expiry date of the validity period.

·      The revalidation shall be valid from the expiry date for a period of 24 months.

 

 

 

 

 

3.     

Is the instruction that the revalidation check shall be conducted with an aircraft of the same category for which the licence is held, complied with?

 

 

 

 

 

4.     

Is the following instruction adhered to:

 

·      If a revalidation check is completed more than 90 days before expiry or within 36 months of the expiry of an RPL, the RPL shall be re-issued from the date of the check for the normal 24-month period.

 

 

 

 

5.     

Is the instruction that the holder of the RPL submits the revalidation check form to the SACAA within 30 days of the revalidation check, complied with?

 

 

 

 

 

101.03.7 Pilot logbook

 

1.     

Is the following directive adhered to:

 

·      The holder of a RPL must maintain in a pilot logbook a record of the following:

ü  all his or her flight time

ü  instrument time

ü  simulation time

ü  instruction time

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Is the following instruction adhered to:

 

·      Where electronic logbooks are used, the electronic data must be printed on paper at least every 90 days and the printed pages filed sequentially in a binder

 

 

 

 

3.     

Is the following directive complied with:

 

·      The pilot must retain all pilot logbooks for at least 60 months from the date that person no longer holds a valid pilot licence.

 

 

 

 

 

4.     

Is the following instruction adhered to:

 

·      The holder of an RPL must make the logbook available for inspection upon a reasonable request by an authorised officer, inspector or authorised person.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUBPART 4: RPAS OPERATOR CERTIFICATE

 

No#

Regulation

Yes

No

Person responsible

Comment

101.04.1 General requirements

 

1.     

Is the following prohibition adhered to:

·      No person shall operate an RPAS in terms of this Part unless such person is the holder of the following:

a)    in the case of commercial, corporate and non-profit operations, a valid ROC including the operations specifications attached thereto;

and:

b)    in the case of commercial operations, an air services licence issued in terms of the Air Services Licensing Act, 1990 (Act No. 115 of 1990)

 

 

 

 

 

101.04.2 Application

 

1.     

Are the following requirements adhered to for an application for the issuing of a ROC or renewal or an amendment thereto:

 

a)    made to the Director on the appropriate form;

b)    accompanied by the following documentation:

 

                   i.         the appropriate fee as prescribed in Part 187;

                 ii.         a copy of the certificate of registration of each RPA to be operated;

                iii.         a copy of the RLA (RPAS Licencing Agreement) for each device to be operated; and

               iv.         for an initial issue, an original Operations Manual prepared as prescribed in this Part.

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Is the prohibition that No RPA shall be registered under more than one ROC adhered to?

 

 

 

 

 

101.04.3 Validity

 

1.     

Is it known and understood that A ROC shall be valid for 12 months unless the following circumstances occur:

 

a)    it is surrendered by the holder thereof;

or:

b)    it is suspended by an authorised officer, inspector

or authorised person;

or:

c)    cancelled by the Director.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Is the following instruction complied with:

·      The holder of a ROC shall, at least 60 days immediately preceding the date on which such certificate expires, apply for the renewal of such certificate.

 

 

 

 

3.     

Is the following instruction complied with:

 

·      The holder of an ROC which is cancelled shall, within seven (7)days from the date on which the ROC is cancelled, surrender such document to the Director.

 

 

 

 

 

101.04.4               Duties of the holder of an ROC

 

1.     

Is it the instruction that the duties of the holder of a ROC include the following, complied with:

 

a)    conduct the activities granted by such certificate and ensure compliance with the provisions authorised therein;

b)    ensure compliance with any other requirements which the Director may impose;

c)    report to the Director any changes directly or indirectly related to the ROC that may affect continued validity of the certificate or approval or safety of persons and property.

d)    Ensure that the RPAS operation is conducted in a safe manner.

 

 

 

 

2.     

In respect of operations approved for E-VLOS, is it ensured that the operator complies with the following instructions:

 

a)    make use of at least one observer who shall not be younger than 17 years of age; and

b)    ensure that each observer has completed the training prescribed by the operator and as approved by the Director in their operations manual.

 

 

 

 

3.     

Is the directive that The holder of a ROC is accountable for the overall operation, complied with?

 

 

 

 

 

101.04.5 Operations Manual

 

1.     

Are the following directives in respect of the Operations Manual complied with :

 

·      A ROC holder shall develop for approval by the Director, an operations manual containing all the information required to demonstrate how such operator will ensure compliance with the regulations and how safety standards will be applied and achieved during such operations.

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

·      A ROC holder shall set out the type and scope of operations, including the manner in which each type of RPAS and operation will be safely conducted.

 

 

 

 

 

3.     

·      The operations manual, or system of manuals, should reflect all operational and legislative activities and obligations which the ROC holder is obliged to meet, such that the content is commensurate with the size and scope of the operation.

 

 

 

 

 

4.     

Is it ensured that the instruction that the Operator submits amendments to the Director for approval in accordance with the following criteria, adhered to:

 

a)    prior to a change in any proposed aspect, type or scope of the Operator’s operation;

b)    where the operations manual no longer meets the requirements of these regulations or associated technical standards;

c)    on determining that any part or component thereof is, or becomes, inadequate;

or:

d)    as required by the Director.

 

 

 

 

 

5.      

Are the following instructions adhered to:

·      Upon the approval of the operations manual amendments by the Director, the Operator shall make such changes available to all persons engaged in the operation, deployment, handling, security, transportation and storage of any RPAS operated by such ROC holder

·      Ensure that the Operator informs such ROC holder, and where necessary, is trained in accordance with any relevant aspect relating to such amendment

 

 

 

 

 

6.     

Is it ensured that the structure and contents of the operations manual are as prescribed in Document SA-CATS-101?

 

 

 

 

 

101.04.6 Documentation and records

 

1.   

Is the following directive adhered to:

An RPAS operator shall establish a system of record-keeping that allows adequate storage and reliable traceability of all activities developed, covering in particular the following:

 

a)    lines of responsibility and accountability

b)    safety policy

c)    identification of aviation safety hazards encountered by the activities of the Operator, assessment and mitigation of the associated risks, including taking actions and verifying their effectiveness

d)    personnel training and competence

e)    quality, safety and security management records

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Is it ensured the instruction that the format of the records that are specified in the ROC holder’s operations manual, are complied with?

 

 

 

 

 

3.     

Is the following directive complied with:

·      Records shall be stored for at least 5 years in a manner that ensures protection from damage, alteration and theft.

 

 

 

 

 

101.04.7 Safety Management

 

1.     

Is it ensured that the holder of an ROC shall establish a safety management system commensurate with the size of the organisation or entity and the complexity of its operations.

 

 

 

 

2.     

Has a safety management system been established in terms of sub regulation 1?

 

 

 

 

 

 

This shall include;

 

a)    a process to identify actual and potential safety hazards and assess the associated risks

b)    a process to develop and implement remedial action necessary to maintain an acceptable level of safety

c)    provision for continuous and regular assessment o the appropriateness and effectiveness of safety management activities.

 

 

 

 

 

101.04.8 Security

 

1.

Does the holder of a ROC issued under this Part i.e. Security, comply with the following responsibilities:

 

a)    conduct background checks on all personnel recruited for deployment, handling, transportation and storage of any RPAS;

b)    conduct criminal record checks every 24 months on all personnel employed in the deployment, handling, and storage of RPAS;

c)    ensure that RPAS not in use, are stored in a secure manner to prevent and detect unauthorised interference or use;

d)    ensure that the RPAS is protected from acts of unlawful interference;

e)    ensure that the RPA is stored and prepared for flight in a manner that will prevent and detect tampering and ensure the integrity of vital systems;

f)     designate a security coordinator responsible for the implementation, application and supervision of the security controls;

and:

g)    ensure that all personnel employed in the deployment, handling, and storage of RPAS have received security awareness training as prescribed in CAR Part 109 (Security Training)

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Is the following directive complied with:

 

·      The holder of a ROC shall include in the operations manual referred to in regulation 101.04.5 – the security aspects of the RPA operations, as prescribed in this regulation and Document SA-CATS 101.

 

 

 

 

 

101.04.9 Surveillance, safety and security audits and inspections

 

1.   

Is the following directive complied with:

 

·      An applicant for the issuing of an ROC shall permit an authorised officer, inspector or authorised person to carry out such safety and security inspections, audits and oversight as may be necessary to verify the validity of any application made in terms of regulation 101.04.2. (Title – Application)

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Is the following directive complied with:

 

·      The holder of an ROC issued in terms of regulation 101.04.2 (Application) shall permit a person authorized by the Director to carry out such safety and security inspections, audits and oversight, including safety or security inspections and audits of its partners or subcontractors, as may be necessary to determine continued compliance with the provisions of regulations and the privileges granted by the certificate.

 

 

 

 

 

101.04.10 Register of operating certificates

 

1.

Is the following directive adhered to:

·      The Director shall maintain a register of all certificates issued in terms of this subpart.

 

 

 

 

 

101.04.11 Transferability

 

1.

Is the prohibition that a ROC issued in terms of this Part is not allowed to be transferred, complied with?

 

 

 

 

 

101.04.12 Liability Insurance

 

1.

Is the instruction that a ROC holder is at all times adequately insured for third party liability adhered to?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUBPART 5: RPA OPERATIONS

No#

Regulation

Yes

No

Person responsible

Comment

101.05.1 Weather conditions

 

1.

Is the following prohibition complied with:

No person shall operate an RPAS in weather conditions that do not allow unobstructed visual contact to be maintained with the RPA by other airspace users, and by the Operator, unless in B-VLOS or night operations that has been approved by the Director in their operations manual.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.2 Landing on roads

 

1.

Is the following prohibition complied with:

No person shall use a public road as a place of landing or take-off of an RPA, except:

 

a)    By the holder of an ROC and as approved by the Director in the Operator’s operations manual

b)    When approved by the relevant local authority

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.3 Controlled airspace

 

1.

Is the following prohibition complied with:

·      No RPAS may be operated in controlled airspace, except by the holder of an ROC and as approved by the Director in the Operators’ Operations Manual.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Is the following directive complied with:

The Director may approve an RPA operation in controlled airspace as contemplated in sub-regulation (1) only in

 

a)    VMC in an ATZ and CTR below 400ft; and

b)    subject to compliance with the conditions prescribed in Document SA-CATS 101.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.4 Releasing object or substance

 

1.     

Is the following prohibition complied with:

·      No object or substance shall be released, dispensed, dropped, delivered or deployed from an RPA except by the holder of an ROC and as approved by the Director in the Operators Operations Manual.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.5 Dangerous goods

 

1.     

Is the following prohibition complied with:

·      Subject to sub-regulation (2), no RPA shall carry dangerous goods as cargo, except by the holder of a ROC and as approved by the Director in the operations manual.

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Is the following instruction complied with:

·      The provisions of Part 92 apply, with the necessary changes, to the conveyance of dangerous goods by an RPA.

 

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.6 Accidents and incidents

 

1.

Is the following directive adhered to:

 

·      All accidents and incidents involving an RPA must be reported as prescribed in Part 12, where the following circumstances exist:

a)    any injury or death to a person;

b)    damage to property; or

c)    destruction of the RPA beyond economical repair.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Is it ensured that all incidents involving RPA where loss of control occurred are reported to the holder of the ROC?

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.7 Consumption of alcohol and drugs

 

1.     

Is the following prohibition complied with:

 

·      No RPA pilot, Observer or RMT shall perform the following activities:

 

a)    consume alcohol less than 8 hours prior to reporting for duty;

b)    commence a duty period while the concentration of alcohol in any specimen of blood taken from any part of his or her body is more than 0,02 grams per 100 millilitres

c)    consume alcohol or any psychoactive substance during the duty period or whilst on standby for duty;

or:

d)    commence duty period while under the influence of alcohol or any psychoactive substance having a narcotic effect.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.8 C2 Operational Requirements

 

1.     

Is the following instruction complied with:

 

·      An RPAS shall comply with C2 operational requirements as prescribed in Document SA-CATS 101.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.9 Precautions and safety considerations

 

1.

Are the following prohibitions complied with:

 

·      No person shall operate an RPAS unless the following criteria are met:

 

a)    the RPA is in a fit-to-fly condition;

b)    the Pilot is the holder of a licence issued in terms of this Part;

c)    the Remotely Piloted Aircraft Station (RPAS) is compatible and interoperable with the aircraft it is connected to in all phases of flight;

and:

 

d)    the RPA is being controlled by only one RPS at any given moment in time.

 

 

 

 

2.     

·      No person shall operate an RPA in a negligent or reckless manner so as to endanger the safety of any person, property or other aircraft in the air or on the ground.

 

 

 

 

 

3.     

Is the following instruction complied with:

 

·      The Operator shall, in the best interest of safety, ensure that certain RPA operations are supplemented with additional personnel for non-flying duties, such that the RPA pilot can maintain control and situational awareness in respect to positioning and collision avoidance.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.10 General restrictions

 

1.

Is the following prohibition adhered to:

·      No person shall operate an RPA unless they have the following documentation in their possession:

 

a)    a valid RPA Pilot Licence;

b)    a copy of the ROC and associated OpSpec;

c)    the certificate of registration for each RPA in operation;

d)    a copy of the RLA;

and:

e)    user manual for the RPA and the Remote Pilot Station.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Is the following prohibition complied with:

·      No RPA shall partake in the following activities:

 

a)    tow another aircraft;

b)    perform aerial or aerobatic displays;

c)    be flown in formation or swarm;

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Is the following prohibition adhered to:

·      Except by the holder of an ROC, and as approved by the Director, no RPA shall be operated as detailed hereunder:

 

a)    above 400 ft above the surface;

b)    within a radius of 10 km from an aerodrome;

a.    and:

c)    within restricted or prohibited airspace.

d)    be flown adjacent to or above a nuclear power plant, prison, police station, crime scene, court of law, national key point or strategic installation.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.11 Beyond visual line-of-sight

 

1.     

Is the following prohibition adhered to:

 

An RPA shall not be flown beyond visual-line-of-sight (B-VLOS) unless by the holder of an ROC and as approved by the Director in the operations manual.

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Is it known and understood that The Director may approve B-VLOS operation subject to the operator meeting the requirements prescribed in Document SA-CATS 101.

 

 

 

 

 

3.     

Is it known and understood that Approved B-VLOS operations may only be conducted in VMC, below 400 ft above ground level, unless otherwise approved by the Director.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.12 Night operations

 

1.

Is the following prohibition complied with:

·      An RPA may not be flown at night except under the following circumstances:

 

a)    in R-VLOS operation;

or:

b)    by the holder of an ROC, and as approved by the Director in terms of sub-regulation (2).

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Is the following directive complied with:

The holder of an ROC intending to operate an RPA at night, shall, as a minimum, have each RPA approved under their ROC for night operations subject to compliance with the requirements prescribed in Documents SA-CATS 101.

 

 

 

 

 

3.     

Is the following prohibition adhered to:

·      An RPA may not be flown at night in controlled airspace, except as approved by the Director as prescribed in regulation 101.05.3.(Controlled Airspace)

 

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.13 Operations in the vicinity of people

 

1.     

Is the following prohibition complied with:

·      No person shall operate an RPA directly overhead any person or group of people, or within a lateral distance of 50 m from any person, unless the following pre-requisites are met:

 

a)    the Operator is the holder of an ROC and the operation has been approved by the Director in their operations manual; or

b)    such person is the operator of the RPA or such person is under the direction of the operator of the RPA; or

c)    such person or group of people forms part of the operations of the RPA, and is under control of the operator of the RPA, and adequate provisions have been made for their safety.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.14 Operations in the vicinity of property, structures and buildings

 

1.

Is the following prohibition complied with:

 

·      No RPA shall be flown within a lateral distance of 50 m from any structure or building, unless the following pre-requisites are met:

 

a)    the Operator is a holder of a ROC and the operation has been approved by the Director in their operations manual; or

b)    permission is obtained from the owner of such structure or building.

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Is the following instruction complied with:

·      An operator conducting an operation as contemplated in sub-regulation (1) shall take such measures as are necessary to ensure the safety of all persons on the ground accessing such building or in the vicinity of such structure.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.15 Operations in the vicinity of public roads

 

1.     

Is the following prohibition adhered to:

 

·      No person shall operate an RPA over a public road, along the length of a public road or at a distance of less than 50 m from a public road unless the following pre-requisites are met:

 

a)    such person is the holder of a ROC and the operation has been approved by the Director in the Operator’s operations manual; or

b)    in the case of operations over a public road, such road has been closed for public use; and

c)    reasonable care has been taken to ensure the safety of road users and pedestrians in the event of loss of control of the RPA

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.16 Radio communication requirements

 

1.

Is the following prohibition complied with:

·      Except for R-VLOS operations, no RPA shall be operated unless the RPA pilot has a functioning air-band radio in his possession, tuned to the frequency or frequencies applicable to the ATSU providing services or controlling such area or airspace or to aircraft in such area or airspace.

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

Is the following instruction complied with:

·      The air-band radio shall have the required output and be configured in such a way that the range, strength of transmission and quality of communication extends beyond the furthest likely position of the RPA from the RPA pilot.

 

 

 

 

 

3.     

Is the following directive adhered to:

·      For VLOS, E-VLOS and B-VLOS operations, the RPA pilot shall, using the registration of the RPA as a call-sign, make the required radio calls, indicating the altitude, location and intended operation of the RPA in that area, and at such intervals as are required in order to ensure adequate separation from other aircraft is maintained.

 

 

 

 

 

4.     

Is the following directive adhered to:

·      For approved RPA operations in controlled airspace, the RPA pilot shall maintain radio contact, using the registration of the RPA as a call-sign, with the relevant ATSU, and acknowledge and execute such instructions as the ATSU may give at any time during the operation of the RPA.

 

 

 

 

101.05.17 Pre-flight preparation

 

1.

Is the instruction that An RPA pilot must complete the pre-flight preparations prior to each flight, as prescribed in Document SA-CATS 101, adhered to?

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.18 Duties of pilot

 

1.

Are the following directives in respect of duties of the Pilot adhered to:

·      The Pilot is accountable for the safe operation of the RPAS.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

·      The Pilot of an RPA shall, on each flight, operate such aircraft in accordance with the manual.

 

 

 

 

 

3.     

·      The Pilot of an RPA is responsible for separation and avoidance of the RPA from other aircraft and any other obstacles and hazards.

 

 

 

 

 

4.     

·      The Pilot of an RPA shall pilot such RPA in a manner so as to minimize hazards to persons and property on the ground, and other aircraft in the air.

 

 

 

 

 

5.     

·      The Pilot shall ensure that at least one Observer is used for E-VLOS operations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.19 Flight operations

 

1.

Is the following directive adhered to:

·      The RPAS shall be operated in such a way that appropriate separation from other aircraft is maintained and that adequate obstacle clearance is ensured, during all phases of the flight.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Is the following directive adhered to:

·      The Pilot of an RPA shall ensure that the take-off and landing area is safe and of the appropriate dimensions, free from obstacles and has adequate surface conditions, with regard to the type of operation, the size of the aircraft, the aircraft’s performance and external factors.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.20 Right of way

 

1.

Are the following directives in respect of Right of Way adhered to:

·      An RPA shall give way to manned aircraft.

 

 

 

 

 

2.     

·      The RPA shall avoid passing over, under or in front of manned aircraft, unless it passes well clear and takes into account the effect of aircraft wake turbulence.

 

 

 

 

 

3.     

·      When two aircraft are approaching head-on or approximately so, and there is danger of collision, each aircraft shall alter its heading to the right.

 

 

 

 

 

4.     

·      When two aircraft are converging at approximately the same level, the aircraft which has the other aircraft on its right, shall give way.

 

 

 

 

 

5.     

·      An aircraft which is being overtaken has the right-of-way, and the one overtaking shall alter its heading to keep well clear.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.21 Use of time

 

1.

Are the following instructions complied with in respect of Time:

·      For the purposes of reporting and recording time, Co-ordinated Universal Time (UTC) shall be used and shall be expressed in hours and minutes and, when required, seconds of the 24-hour day beginning at midnight.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

·      A pilot shall have a time piece synchronised with UTC prior to operating an RPAS in controlled airspace and at such other times during the flight as may be necessary.

 

 

 

 

 

3.

·      Wherever time is utilised in the application of data link communications, it shall be accurate to within 1 second of UTC.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.22 Flight folio

 

1.

Are the following instructions for the Flight Folio adhered to:

·      The owner or operator of a South African registered RPA shall ensure that the RPA has a flight folio or any other similar document which meets the requirements of and contains the information as prescribed in Document SA-CATS 91.03.05 (Flight Rules), and the flight folio shall be accessible at the Remote Pilot Station (RPS) all times during flight.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

·      The flight folio shall be kept up-to-date and maintained in a legible manner by the remote pilot.

 

 

 

 

 

3.

·      All entries shall be made immediately upon completion of the occurrence to which they refer.

 

 

 

 

 

4.     

·      In the case of maintenance being undertaken on the aircraft, the entry shall be certified by the person taking responsibility for the maintenance performed.

 

 

 

 

 

5.     

·      Is it ensured that without detracting from the generality of sub-regulation 1, the remote pilot shall:

 

a)    Maintain fuel or charging records to enable the Director to ascertain that, for each flight under his or her control, the requirements of regulation 101.05.23 are complied with

b)    Enter the fuel, charging and oil records referred to in sub-regulation 5(a) in the flight folio

c)    Maintain oil records to enable the Director to ascertain that trends for oil consumption are such that an RPA has sufficient oil to complete each flight.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.23 Power reserves

 

1.

Is it ensured that during VLOS operations, the remote pilot shall ensure that the aircraft has enough fuel or electrical charge to complete the flight, plus a reserve of at least 10%.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Is it ensured that during B-VLOS operations, the remote pilot shall ensure that the aircraft has enough fuel or electrical charge to complete the intended flight, plus a reserve of at least 10%.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.24 First aid kits

 

1.

Is the following prohibition complied with:

·      No owner or operator of an RPA shall operate the aircraft unless a first aid kit consisting of the medical supplies as prescribed in Document SA-CATS 91 for manned aircraft is available within the remote pilot station and within 300 m of the takeoff and landing points. A single kit may be used to comply with both these requirements.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Are the following instructions complied with in respect of First Aid Kits:

 

·      The Owner or Operator shall carry out periodical inspections of the first aid kit to ensure that, as far as practicable, the contents thereof are in a condition necessary for their intended use.

 

 

 

 

 

3.

·      The contents of the first aid kit shall be replenished at regular intervals, in accordance with instructions contained on their labels, or as circumstances require.

 

 

 

 

 

4.

·      The first aid kit shall be readily accessible to all crew members involved in the operation.

 

 

 

 

 

101.05.25 Hand-held fire extinguishers

 

1.

Is the following prohibition complied with:

·      No owner or operator of an RPA shall operate the RPA unless the following pre-requisites are met:

a)    a hand-held fire extinguisher is available in the remote pilot station and within 300 m of the takeoff and landing points;

b)    a hand-held fire extinguisher suitable for use with electronic equipment and any power generating equipment in use is available in the remote pilot station; and:

c)    a hand-held fire extinguisher suitable for use on the RPA is available within 300 m of the takeoff and landing points

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUBPART 6: MAINTENANCE

 

No#

Regulation

Yes

No

Person responsible

Comment

101.06.1 Continued system maintenance

1.

Is the following instruction adhered to:

·      An RPAS shall be compliant with the manufacturer’s instructions for continued equipment maintenance through actions or inspections.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Is it ensured that the Owner submit to the Director for approval, a maintenance programme for the RPAS.

 

 

 

 

 

101.06.2 RPAS maintenance

 

1.

Is the following directive complied with:

·      The maintenance on an RPA or any component thereof shall be carried out by the following persons:

a)    In respect of an RPA classified as a Class 3 and higher, the holder of a valid RMT authorization;

or:

b)    In respect of an RPA classified as Class 2 and lower, the ROC holder: provided that the holder can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Director, its ability to perform the required maintenance on the RPA.

 

 

 

 

101.06.3 Issuing of an RMT authorisation

 

1.

Is the following directive adhered to:

·      An applicant for the issuing or the renewal of an RMT authorisation shall conform to the following criteria:

 

a)    be not less than 18 years of age;

and:

b)    be a South African citizen, or in possession of a valid permanent residence permit, or valid temporary work permit with a letter of employment;

and:

c)    shall have successfully completed appropriate training, provided by:

                                               i.     an organisation approved by the competent authority in the country where the training organisation is located;

                                             ii.     training provided by an approved original equipment manufacturer; or

                                            iii.     a training facility approved by the Director; or:

d)    demonstrate the ability to perform maintenance functions to the Director where no training for the particular RPA is offered or available.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Is the following instruction complied with:

·      An application for the issuing of an RMT authorisation shall be made to the Director in the appropriate form and accompanied by the appropriate fee as prescribed in Part 187.

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Is it known and understood that The Director shall issue an RMT authorisation if the applicant complies with the requirements prescribed in sub-regulation (1)?

 

 

 

 

 

4.

Is the following directive complied with:

·      The holder of an RMT authorization shall not exercise privileges other than the specific privileges for which the authorization is issued.

 

 

 

 

 

5.

Is it known that an RMT authorisation shall be valid for a period of 24 months?